In this guide, we will show you how to set up Account Linking for your Google Assistant App with the help of Auth0, a service for developers to authorize and authenticate users. You won't have to run your own OAuth 2.0 server and deal with security issues. Let's walk through the process of Google Action Account Linking together in simple steps.
- Requirements to use Account Linking with Google Actions
- How OAuth2 Works
- What is Auth0?
- Google Action Account Linking: Connecting your App with Auth0
- 1. Auth0 Setup
- 2. Google Action Setup
- 3. Add Account linking to your code
Interested in Alexa Account Linking? How to set up Account Linking for Alexa with Auth0 and Jovo.
The easiest way to make your voice application stand out from the other apps on Google Home is by using Account Linking. It allows you to get to know your users and lets you personalize the experience with user specific data. For example, you could do things like this:
- Greet your users with their name every time they start your voice application
- Get access to an email address to provide a user with additional information via email
- Create multimodal experiences by connecting a voice experience with e.g. a web service, Messenger chatbot, or other accounts
Requirements to use Account Linking with Google Actions
Google requires the OAuth 2.0 protocol for Account Linking. You can find the official documentation by Google here: Implementing Account Linking. If you want to use account linking for your apps on Google Assistant, you have two options:
- You set up your own OAuth 2.0 server, or
- You use one of the many identity providers (Google, Facebook, Twitter, etc.) out there
First of all, setting up an OAuth 2.0 server can be difficult (at least, I had a tough time), and using a single identity provider restricts your user. Not everybody has a Facebook account. A service like Auth0 comes in handy in such a situation. It allows us to use the many identity providers and the standard username-password login at the same time.
We're first learning more about OAuth2 in general, and then walk through setting up a simple example of Google Actions Account Linking with Auth0, step by step.
How OAuth2 Works
The authorization protocol OAuth 2.0 allows third-party applications to gain limited access to an HTTP service. It enables the user to provide access to restricted resources, without giving away their credentials (username and password).
The protocol defines the following four roles:
- Resource Owner: In our case the user, who wants to link their account with your Google Action.
- Resource Server: The server, where our user's data is located at. Has to be able to respond to resource requests using access tokens.
- Client: The application, which wants to access the user's account. In this case it's the Google Assistant App.
- Authorization Server: The server that authenticates the identity of the resource owner and provides the access token.
Here's how the roles interact with each other:
What is Auth0?
Auth0 provides a service for developers to authorize and authenticate users without having to deal with all the security issues and the burden of running your own OAuth 2.0 server. Here are some of the tools Auth0 provides:
- User Management that supports both standard username + password logins and social logins like Google, Facebook, etc.
- Auth0 Lock, a login box
- Passwordless Logins
Usually, such a service is not free, but Auth0 does not bill you if you have less than 7,000 regular active users/month. In this case a regular active user is someone who has ‘authenticated with username/password, passwordless connections or any social provider in the last calendar month, counted per application’.
In the following steps, we are going to use both username + password and social logins features by Auth0 to create an Account Linking process for our Google Action.
Google Action Account Linking: Connecting your App with Auth0
There are three steps needed, to connect your Google Action with Auth0:
- Set up an Auth0 application and the providers we want to use for social login
- Enable Account Linking on Dialogflow and the Actions on Google Console
- Add the code, so we can prompt our users to link their account with your Action
1. Auth0 Setup
In this section, we're going through all the necessary steps you need to create an application on Auth0 and to pick identity providers for your social login. First of all you have to create an account on Auth0.
Create an Application
To create an application click on the orange button on the top right corner of the dashboard:
Name your application and select 'Machine to Machine Applications':
Choose the Auth0 Management API and select all scopes. Going over all the scopes would be to much for this blogpost.
The result should be a dashboard like this:
Switch to the Settings tab and change the Token Endpoint Authentication Method to Basic.
At the bottom of the settings tab click on Show Advances Settings and switch to OAuth. Select HS256 on JsonWebToken Signature Algorithm and save your changes.
The next step is to enable the social logins you want to use. You can find them in Connections > Social:
Here is an overview of connections you can choose from:
Choose the provider you want to enable and the data you want to access. There is guide on how to set up every provider. It's marked on the screenshot:
2. Google Action Setup
On the Google Assistant you have two options to enable Account Linking. Either you prompt the user to link their account the moment they reach a specific intent, which is done in the Dialogflow ES developer console, or you decide when to ask your user to login in your own code.
If you want to do it with Dialogflow console, go to the Integrations tab and click on Google Assistant. There you can select which of your intents require the user to sign in.
This is how the Google Assistant integration window looks like:
Google Actions Console
The next step is to enable Account Linking in your project settings. Therefor go back to your Project Overview, which you can find on the Google Actions console, and select Account Linking:
This will walk you through a step by step process, which looks like this:
Below, you can find a list of all the information needed for Account Linking, and where to get it from:
- Grant Type: Authorization Code
- Client ID: Auth0 client we created earlier → Settings → Client ID
- Client Secret: Auth0 client → Settings → Client Secret
- Authorization URL: Auth0 client → Settings → Advanced Settings → Endpoints → OAuth Authorization URL
- Token URL: Auth0 client → Settings → Advanced Settings → Endpoints → OAuth Token URL
- Scopes: openid, offline_access, profile, email
The scopes we use indicate the level of access we want on the user's data:
- openid allows us to use the API request we need later on, to access the stored user data.
- _offlineaccess is needed because the access token we get will expire at some point. To request a new one, without having to re-authenticate the user, we need that scope.
- profile (basic data like name and birthdate) and email are used to tell the server what kind of data we want.
On Testing Instructions, you have to provide both username and password of an actual account, so the review team of the Google Assistant Actions can test your application, if you plan to release it.
You can simply create a throwaway account on Auth0, by going to the Users tab on Auth0 and clicking on Create User:
Last but not least, we have to add the redirect url to our Auth0 client's settings. To create that url, we need the project ID of your google Action, so go back to the Actions on Google console and click on the project settings, to find your ID.
Now go back to your Auth0 client's settings and add the following url to the Allowed Callback URLs field:
That's it! The last thing we want to show you is how to access the stored user data and how to add an Account Linking prompt in your code.
3. Add Account linking to your code
Just getting started with Google Action development? Take a look here: Build a Google Action in Node.js with Jovo.
First of all you have to know that your Action will get an access token added to the request, if your user has linked their account. So by checking if there is an access token, you will know if the user has already linked their account or not.
In Jovo you check for access token like this:
It will either return the access token or
So the following code will check if there's an access token and if that's not the case it will prompt your user to sign in:
The prompt will look like this:
And that's how the sign in page will look like:
After the user completed the sign in, your Action will get another request, which will be mapped to the Jovo built-in intent
ON_SIGN_IN. There you can check for the result using
this.$googleAction.getSignInStatus(), which will return either
To access the stored user data, you simply make an API request, using the access token your skill gets with every request made after the user linked his account. The Jovo Framework uses axios internally with a simple interface, which you can also use in your Jovo project. For that, simply import the class:
Now let's get to the request:
At the end your request should look like this:
That's it, you made it!